Spinal Deformity – Frisco, TX
The spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide effective treatment for a wide range of acute and chronic orthopedic conditions. They specialize in treating various deformities of the spine, including Kyphosis and Scoliosis.  

Spinal Deformity

Abnormality in the curvature, alignment or formation of the vertebral column is termed as Spinal Deformity. The human spine comprises of 25 bones called vertebrae which support and balance the entire body. The upper part of the spine that supports the head and neck is called the C-spine and is made up of 7 vertebrae. Below it is thoracic spine made up of 12 bones which connect to the rib cage. It is followed by the lumbar spine with 5 vertebrae and at the base of the backbone is the sacrum which has two to four partially fused vertebrae that finally end at the coccyx of the pelvis. A normal spine curves slightly but due to some reasons, it may develop extreme curvature or the vertebrae may be displaced.

Causes Of Spinal Deformity

  • Neurological disorder
  • Congenital defects in the structure of the spine
  • Brittle bone disease
  • Scoliosis- lateral curvature of the spine is exaggerated
  • Multiple fractures or direct trauma to any part of the spine
  • Medical conditions such as Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, post-surgery effects, Osteoporosis, bone cancer etc.
  • Pinching of lumbar nerves
  • Narrowing of disc space
  • Poor postural habits

Symptoms Of Spinal Deformity

  • Protruding upper back (hump back)
  • Difference in shoulder height may be apparent
  • Abnormal gait
  • Variation in hip level or differential limb length (both arms and/or legs)
  • Pain in spine which may get aggravated with physical activities particularly after sitting or standing for a considerable time period
  • Misalignment of the head with respect to the body
  • Fatigue after sitting or standing for long durations
  • Stiffness in neck, shoulders or limbs
  • Limited range of motion

Diagnosis Of Spinal Deformity

  • Detailed physical examination by the orthopedic doctor to check for visible symptoms, change in limb length or gait as well as loss of motion
  • Measurement of the spine curvature using a scoliometer
  • MRI or CT scans and X-rays may be conducted to analyze the bone and soft tissue structure of the spine
  • Bone scans and bone density tests may be done

Treatment For Spinal Deformity

  • A specifically designed brace may be used to support and rectify the spine alignment
  • Some spinal deformities can be reduced by weight management, physical therapy that involves specific strengthening exercises
  • Physiotherapy sessions under expert guidance.
  • Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed.
  • The doctor may administer epidural (injected directly into the spine) steroidal injections.
  • Surgical fusion of bones, removal of ligaments or bone debris, artificial implants are some remedial measures that may be adopted in case of severe or progressive deformities.
  • External or internal fixation using screws, pins, wires may be done.

For comprehensive treatment of spinal deformities, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. to schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, call at (214) 618 – 5502.