Sprains And Strains
The spine surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide effective treatment for sprains and strains. They conduct a thorough diagnosis to determine the root cause of the condition and formulate a treatment plan accordingly.

Sprains And Strains

The human spine comprises of various bones, muscles, tissues, blood vessels and tendons which help in movement of the upper body and day to day activities such as walking, bending, running, climbing or lifting weights. The lower part of the back called the lumbar spine bears maximum weight and is the most stressed out part of the body. It is therefore susceptible to strains (injury caused to the muscles or tendons) and sprains (stretching/tearing of ligaments). These are amongst the most common problems that affect people of all age groups.

Prolonged back sprain or strain may cause weakening of the muscles, loss of motion, weight gain, inability to perform a host of activities and loss of bone density. In most cases, a patient may recover after two weeks of rest and treatment.

Causes Of Sprains And Strains

Back strains or sprains occur due to a variety of reasons which may include:

  • The muscle or tendon gets stretched beyond its capacity
  • The muscles in the back are stressed
  • Sudden bending or lifting of a weight
  • Twisting of the back
  • Weakness of back or abdominal muscles may make a person prone to back injury
  • Obesity leads to stressing of the back muscles and spine
  • Sports injury
  • Direct blow or fall
  • The hamstring muscles are tight
  • Bad posture or continuous sitting in the same position for long time period
  • Smoking may reduce blood supply to the muscles and thus weaken them
  • Medical conditions such as Osteoporosis, Arthritis, slipped disc or fractures, chronic cough etc.

Symptoms Of Sprains And Strains

The symptoms of a strained or sprained upper/lower back may include one or more of the following:

  • Pain or stiffness in the back that may get aggravated as the patient moves or performs some activities
  • Spasms or cramps in the back muscles
  • Discomfort while bending, standing, sitting, walking etc.
  • A popping sound at the time of injury
  • Swelling or inflammation
  • Numbness in back or legs after the injury
  • Pain may radiate down to the buttocks, thighs and legs
  • Disruption of bowel movement in severe cases

Diagnosis Of Sprains And Strains

  • Detailed description and evaluation of the patient’s medical history
  • The doctor will review the symptoms and cause of the injury
  • X-ray may be done to evaluate the severity of injury and if there is a ligament tear accompanying the sprain or strain
  • MRI or CT scan may be required in case the symptoms get aggravated

Treatment For Sprains And Strains

  • Resting the back
  • Application of ice packs at regular intervals to fight inflammation
  • Prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs or painkillers
  • Compression with a suitable bandage
  • Wearing good shoes which lend adequate support to the legs and back
  • Physical therapy to promote muscle strengthening
  • Maintaining a balanced diet and body weight for strong bones
  • Use of a girdle or belt for back support

For diagnosis and treatment of sprains and strains, visit the spine surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment, call at (214) 618 - 5502.