Vertebral Compression Fracture – Frisco, TX
The spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide treatment for w wide range of orthopedic conditions. They use advanced treatment modalities to heal Vertebral Compression Fractures and provide relief from pain.

Vertebral Compression Fracture

A medical condition which involves the collapse of the spinal vertebrae is termed as Vertebral Compression Fracture. It may cause the injured vertebra to lose 15-20 percent of its height. Although this type of fracture may occur in any part of the spine, it is mostly observed to affect the thoracic spine. There are three types of breakages that may occur in the vertebrae.

  • Crush Fracture- The entire bone develops cracks or breaks
  • Wedge Fracture- Only the front part of the vertebrae is cracked or breaks while the rear side remains intact
  • Burst Fracture- The vertebrae loses height on both the sides and there is a progressive loss of stability and increased deformity over the time

These types of fractures most commonly affect the elderly people above the age of 50 years.

Causes Of Vertebral Compression Fracture

  • Osteoporosis leads to the weakening of the bones and consequent collapse
  • Weakening of the bones or loss of bone mass due to ageing
  • A direct fall on the back
  • Missing a step while climbing stairs
  • Elderly people can be affected due to their daily activities such as turning on their back in bed, bending or lifting a weight etc.

Symptoms Of Vertebral Compression Fracture

  • Development of a humped back or Thoracic Kyphosis
  • Pain which can be severe and sudden
  • Visible loss of height in the spine
  • Limited range of motion
  • Crowding of organs in the upper part of the body
  • Resting on the back may ease the discomfort
  • Pain worsens with physical activity

Diagnosis Of Vertebral Compression Fracture

  • Vertebral fractures remain largely undetected due to improper diagnosis and are often mistaken for upper back pain. The following methods of diagnosis may be adopted.
  • A detailed analysis of the patient’s medical history and symptoms
  • Physical examination of the back and limbs to assess the cause
  • X-ray imaging
  • MRI scan may be done to determine the severity of the fracture and any soft tissue damage around the broken bone
  • CT scan may helps to assess the stability of the bone and damage to surrounding nerves
  • Bone scan may be recommended in some cases

Treatment For Vertebral Compression Fracture

The two pronged approach adopted to treat Vertebral Compression Fracture aims at healing the broken bone as well as combat Osteoporosis which is the major cause of this condition. Treatment may include:

  • Adequate rest
  • Avoidance of any activity that aggravates discomfort and pain
  • Prescription of anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Cryotherapy
  • Application of heat pads
  • Dietary changes to include calcium rich foods and supplements
  • Vitamin D supplements
  • Physical therapy and weight bearing exercises to improve strength and mobility

Surgical Treatment

  • Kyphoplasty- A minimally invasive surgical procedure that may help to restore bone height, repair the breakage and make the injured bone stable
  • Vertebroplasty- A surgical procedure in which a special cement is inserted into the spine to lift the bone, stabilize it and reduce pain. It also helps to prevent any progressive damage that may be associated with the injury

For complete diagnosis and treatment of Vertebral Compression Fracture, consult the spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco. Call at (214) 618-5502 to schedule an appointment with the spine surgeons.